2016 20c Coin 'Anzac to Afghanistan' - PEACEKEEPING
Operating under the auspices of the United Nations, Australian peacekeepers have spent nearly 60 years in some of the world's most volatile regions. Since the first peacekeeping mission to Indonesia in 1947, Australia has been involved in more than 100 missions throughout the world. From Cambodia and Rwanda, to Somalia and East Timor, more than 30,000 Australian military and police have been involved in these missions.
In the early years, Australia's peacekeepers were generally unarmed military observers who were deployed to a potential conflict zone to ensure neither side would violate ceasefires or commit atrocities. Some of these observer missions helped create stability but didn't always bring an end to the fighting. Australia's peacekeeping operations have also involved Australian police as well as members of the Australian Defence Force. The 1990s proved to be the busiest decade in the history of peacekeeping, with Australian forces committed to the Persian Gulf, Iraq, Cambodia, Somalia and Rwanda. With tensions also simmering close to home, Australian peacekeepers were deployed to Bougainville and East Timor to address the crisis in the region. Commanded by Major General Peter Cosgrove, this latter mission dwarfed all previous peacekeeping efforts as the new nation achieved its independence from Indonesia.
|Brand||Royal Australian Mint|
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